Equity Markets - An Introduction

Equity markets have undergone profound changes in recent years. The majority of trading still takes place on stock exchanges, with the bulk of business concentrated in a small number of countries. But there has been consolidation among traditional exchanges, while the market has also seen fragmentation with the emergence of new trading venues. Alongside these developments, equity trading has been completely transformed by high frequency trading firms.


This course describes these structural changes in addition to providing an overview of some basic equity market concepts, such as the different types of equity security and fundamental stock valuation metrics.


    On completion of this course, you will be able to:

    Describe the different types of equity security that are traded

    Outline some of the key stock valuation metrics used by fundamental analysts

    Recognize the key drivers of the changing structure and nature of global equity trading


    Topic 1: Overview of Equity

    What is Equity?

    Equity & Capital Structure

    o Common Stock vs. Preferred Stock

    Common Stock

    o Voting Rights

    o Dividends

    • Types of Dividend

    • Dividend Announcements

    • Key Dates

    o Dual/Multiple Classes

    o Limited Liability

    Preferred Stock

    o Dividends

    o Voting Rights

    o Risk/Rank

    o Types of Preferred Stock

    Other Types of Equity Security

    o Warrants

    o Depositary Receipts

    o Exchange-Traded Funds

    Topic 2: Valuing Equity

    How are Stocks Valued?

    o Technical vs. Fundamental Analysis

    Some Key Valuation Metrics

    o Dividend Yield

    o Earnings Per Share (EPS)

    o Price/Earnings (P/E) Ratio

    • Cyclically Adjusted Price-Earnings (CAPE)

    o Price/Earnings to Growth (PEG) Ratio

    Stock Classification

    o Industry/Sector

    o Geography

    o Financial Characteristics/Investment Objectives

    • Growth Stocks

    • Value Stocks

    • Income Stocks

    Market Indices

    Topic 3: Trading Equity

    A Perspective on Equity Trading

    The Changing Nature of Stock Markets

    Stock Exchanges

    Dark Pools & Other Off-Exchange Trading Venues

    Algorithmic Trading

    High Frequency Trading (HFT)


    o Market Orders

    o Limit Orders

    o Stop Orders

    o Stop-Limit Orders

    o Other Orders

    Order-Driven vs. Quote-Driven Markets


    Financial Markets – An Introduction - View Now


    75 Minutes

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